"Specialising in measured building, land & topographical surveys"

What Is A Topographical Survey?

What is a Topographical Survey?

What is a Land Survey?

If you need a topographical survey contact us info@cadmap.co.uk

A topographical land survey is a type of survey that maps and identifies the physical features and contours of a specific parcel of land. This includes both natural features, such as hills, valleys, trees, and bodies of water, as well as man-made structures like buildings, roads, and fences. The primary purpose of a topographical survey is to capture and represent the three-dimensional characteristics of the terrain on a two-dimensional map.

Key aspects of a topographical land survey include:

  1. Elevation Data: The survey records the elevations of various points on the land to show changes in height and slope. This is usually represented through contour lines on a map, where each line connects points of equal elevation.

  2. Natural Features: The survey identifies and locates natural features such as rivers, lakes, trees, and rock formations.

  3. Man-Made Features: It includes details of existing structures, roads, utilities, and other infrastructural elements.

  4. Boundary Lines: The survey often delineates the boundaries of the property, showing its limits in relation to neighboring lands.

  5. Accuracy: The precision of the survey depends on the methods used and the purpose of the survey. For detailed engineering projects, a high degree of accuracy is required.

Topographical surveys are essential in various fields, including:

  • Civil Engineering: For planning and designing infrastructure projects like roads, bridges, and drainage systems.
  • Architecture: To design buildings that fit well within the landscape.
  • Land Development: For subdividing land, planning new construction, and managing natural resources.
  • Environmental Management: To assess the impact of projects on the natural environment and to plan conservation efforts.

The data for a topographical survey can be gathered through various methods, including traditional ground surveying techniques with theodolites and total stations, as well as modern methods like GPS surveying, aerial photography, and LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging). The collected data is then processed and used to create detailed maps and digital models of the terrain.

What is a Topographical Land Survey?

Cadmap provide topographical surveys for all types of clients. Contact us at info@cadmap.co.uk

Cadmap Limited - General Topographical Specification: 

Dependent on survey extents to be agreed with the client

 Bottom of Kerbs 

 Top of Kerbs 

 Changes in Surface Types

  All fixed Street Furniture 

 Building Footprints  Permanent Structures

 Any Building Remains  Onsite Building heights, Ridge, Eaves, Parapets, Flat Roofs  Surrounding Building Heights – as above 

 Individual Trees 150mm diameter bole and above  Groups of Trees shown as canopy outline 

 Boundary Details, Fences, Walls and Hedges 

 All Services Covers/Utility Covers where visible 

 Drainage Gullies, Manholes and Inspection Cover levels 

 Top and Bottom of Banks, Watercourses and Ditches 

 Extent of any ponds, lakes and densely overgrown areas 

 Spot Heights taken at 10m intervals and at changes of level/gradient

 Drawings to be issued in 2D PDF and 2D or 3D DWG formats - client requirements.

Survey Control Options: To be instructed by the client. 

 OS GPS Datum/Grid 

 Arbitrary Datum/Grid